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FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIC PLANS IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN KENYA

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIC PLANS IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN KENYA

Mariam Moige Muhando


ABSTRACT

The general objective of the study was to identify the determinants influencing implementation of strategic plans in Kenya SMEs. Specifically, the study attempted to achieve the following objectives: To determine the effect of organizational structure on implementation of strategic plans in SMEs in Kenya; To establish the effect of organizational culture on implementation of strategic plans in SMEs in Kenya; To explore the effect of leadership on implementation of strategic plans in SMEs in Kenya; To determine the effect of resource allocation on implementation of strategic plans in SMEs in Kenya and finally to establish the effect of communication on implementation of strategic plans in SMEs in Kenya. The population of the study comprised of KPMG top 100 SMEs in the year 2010, 2011 and 2012. These were small and medium enterprises that had been assessed according to the criteria set by KPMG. The target respondents comprised of the owners of the business and the managers in charge. The study revealed that strategic plan implementation has been facilitated by organization structure. This owes to the fact that organization structure specifies roles, procedures, governance mechanism and decision making processes thus providing a food medium through which strategic implementations are made. The study found that strategy implementation are hindered by resource allocation as different activities compete for same resources making implementation to be delayed by scarcity of resources and idle capacity due to poor flow of resources. Culture being the shared values, expectations and norms that are established in a business over time is very instrumental in strategic plan implementation. The study concludes that top management support and sub-ordinates willingness to achieve their leaders aim has helped with the implementation of strategic plans. For SMEs to improve on the implementation of strategic plans need to enhance of teamwork, accountability, transparency and communication. The study found that the respondents felt that organizational culture need to be enhanced to supports implementation and changed in tandem to be effective. The study also recommends that while there is congruence between leaders and subordinates objectives, leadership style needs to be changed as the latter hurts strategic plan implementation.


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INFORMATION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR IMPROVED PERFORMANCE OF HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM (HIS) IN PUBLIC HOSPITALS. A CASE OF NYAHURURU COUNTY REFERAL HOSPITAL

INFORMATION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR IMPROVED PERFORMANCE OF HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM (HIS) IN PUBLIC HOSPITALS. A CASE OF NYAHURURU COUNTY REFERRAL HOSPITAL

AUTHORS: David Roba Halake

Maureen Adoyo: Research coordinator dept of Health System Management Kenya Methodist University (1st supervisor)

Dominic Charles Okero:- Lecturer Kenya Methodist University(2nd supervisor)

David M. Mingu: - Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute.

 


ABSTRACT

Health System weakness is a major impediment of MDGS. Health system strengthening has been recognized as critical for improvement of health services. Challenges in health system governance,leadership, financing, inadequate usage of health information for decision making, limited access to medicine and technology and poor service delivery need to be urgently addressed. This study focused on performance of health information system at Nyahururu County Referral Hospital to enhance health system strengthening. Despite the development of Health information policy, the performance of HIS inpublic hospital remains weak. Owing to the successful implementation of health information system in developed countries, Developing countries such as Kenya have began adopting HIS framework to improve quality, efficiency, access, equity and sustainability of health services. The main objective of the study was to investigate influence of information communication technology on performance of HIS at Nyahururu Referral hospital. Specific objection were to establish ICT infrastructure supports on HIS performance, determine the influence of staffing skills to investigate how management support influence performance of HIS and to assess stakeholders support in improving HIS performance at Nyahururu Referral hospital. A descriptive case study design was used in study. The target population was 355 respondents. Random sampling was used to generate a sample size of 186 respondents. Data was collected using structured questionnaires; of 186 questionnaires distributed 118 were completed and returned representing 63.4%.


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THE DETERMINANTS OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV/AIDS BEHAVIOR CHANGE CAMPAIGNS AMONG THE KENYAN YOUTH: A CASE STUDY OF KINANGO DISTRICT, KWALE COUNTY

THE DETERMINANTS OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV/AIDS  BEHAVIOR CHANGE CAMPAIGNS AMONG THE KENYAN YOUTH: A  CASE STUDY OF KINANGO DISTRICT, KWALE COUNTY

AUTHORS:Nguzo,James Kapanya - Student At Nairobi University

CO-AUTHOR: Silas Oriaso - Lecturer At Nairobi University


ABSTRACT

This study investigated the factors affecting the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS behaviour change campaigns among the Duruma youths in Kinango District.The study had three specific objectives: to establish /AIDS awareness in the district; identify the types of campaigns used in the fight against the scourge and the factors that influence the success of HIV/AIDS behaviour change campaigns. This study found out that mass media plays a big role in information dissemination on HIV/AIDS to the youths as just as the interpersonal communication.


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EFFECTS OF SOCIAL AWARENESS LEADERSHIP COMPETENCY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF STATE CORPORATIONS IN KENYA

EFFECTS OF SOCIAL AWARENESS LEADERSHIP COMPETENCY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF STATE CORPORATIONS IN KENYA

Jimmy Mutuku Mwithi - Student, Student at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya.

Dr. Susan Were - Lecturer, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya.

Dr. Willy Muturi - Lecturer, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya.


ABSTRACT

Desired leadership competency characteristic of organization leaders are a characteristic that affect the way an individual attempts to influence others and approaches a certain task. They play the major role before any concrete action takes place, and consist in optimism, self-regulation, social judgement skills, empathy, motivation to work in an international environment, cognitive skills, and acceptance of complexity and its contradictions. Leadership competencies effectiveness is a requirement for organizations not only to be successful with current undertakings, but also to be successful in the future. Outstanding organizational performance invariably maps to dynamic leadership competencies within an organization. The purpose of this study was to establish effect of social awareness leadership competency on the performance of state corporations in Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to; determine the Relationship between Social-Awareness Leadership Competency and Financial/Non-Financial Indicators of Performance of state corporations in Kenya.


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IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS SYSTEM IN KIAMBU COUNTY HOSPITAL: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS SYSTEM IN KIAMBU COUNTY HOSPITAL: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

AUTHORS:Bernard Wambu Maracha1 ,Maureen Atieno Adoyo2, Prof. George Odhiambo-Otieno 2

                     1Ministry of Health Headquarters Nairobi P.O Box 43319-00100 Nairobi Kenya

                          2Department of Health Systems Management, Kenya Methodist University


CORRESPONDENCE: Bernard Wambu Maracha, Ministry of Health Nairobi Kenya Tel: 0722890489, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 


ABSTRACT

A functional health system delivers quality services to all people, when and where they need them. Most public hospitals in the country maintain manual health records. Manually entered data is prone to shortcomings such as: human errors in entry, files being misplaced or lost, and multiple entries of case files for patients or patients forgetting their patient numbers thus tracing their files becomes hard. Electronic Health Records Systems (EHRs) are a new concept that can be defined as a systematic collection of electronic health information about individual patients or populations. It presents a digital format of all the patients’ information. The adoption and implementation of Electronic Health Records Systems infuses modern technology into what has been a historically manual process of recording patient information and thus has created potential benefits and challenges in the health care delivery system, which needs to be established. The main objective of the study was to establish the opportunities and major challenges in regard to the implementation of EHRs system in Kiambu County Hospital with specific variables under investigation such as; Socio-demographics characteristics, the design, implementation and the technical capacity of the individual and institutions to handle the EHRS.


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THE IMPACT OF CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND ON DEVELOPMENT A CASE OF AMAGORO CONSTITUENCY IN TESO DISTRICT

THE IMPACT OF CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND ON DEVELOPMENT A CASE OF AMAGORO CONSTITUENCY IN TESO DISTRICT

Bernard Baimwera - Lecturer, Kenya Methodist University, Kenya

Antony Murimi Muriuki - Lecturer, The East African University, Kenya


ABSTRACT

The research topic is an investigation on impact of constituency development fund on development, a case of Amagoro Constituency. The main study question is in what way the CDF has affected the development of the constituency. The study is guided by specific objectives: To establish the role of CDF on Development, to assess the benefits and the challenges of CDF and to determine the impact of CDF on development. Strategic implementation and knowledge on how to utilize the Constituency Development Fund is lacking at the grass root level; something that needs close attention. This study sought to bridge the knowledge gap by analyzing the impact of CDF on development in Amagoro Constituency.


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AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY FOR ENERGY AND PETROLEUM FIRMS IN KENYA

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY FOR ENERGY AND PETROLEUM FIRMS IN KENYA

Fredrick Wanyonyi - SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, KENYATTA UNIVERSITY
Ambrose Jagongo - (PhD)SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, KENYATTA UNIVERSITY


ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between working capital management and profitability for energy and petroleum firms in Kenya. The specific objective where to establish the relationship between working capital management and profitability of energy and petroleum companies Kenya. To analyze the collective effect of cash conversion cycles with working capital management and profitability and to analyze the effects of inventory management on profitability. To undertake this study, the research design for this study was casual. A casual research was used to explore the relationship between variables. The population composed of Kenyan energy and petroleum firms listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange. The quoted firms were assumed to have structured financial systems and likely to have specific working capital management policies and procedures in place. Since the population is small (four firms) it was considered prudent to use the entire population in the sturdy. In the view of small number of energy and petroleum firms quoted on the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE), the researcher sampled the whole population of firms to achieve the targeted precision level. Cooper observers that the tradeoff between the depth and breadth of the research affects the sample size and the adequacy of a sample in this type of research is judged by how comprehensively and completely the research questions are answered by the sample size. In order to meet the objectives of the study the questionaire consisted of 17 questions divided into three parts as per research objectives.


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FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY FROM HYPERTENSION IN PATIENTS ATTENDING MOI TEACHING AND REFERRAL HOSPITAL

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY FROM HYPERTENSION IN PATIENTS ATTENDING MOI TEACHING AND REFERRAL HOSPITAL

DR. Leah Chebet  Bii- Lecturer, Kenya Methodist University, Kenya

SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH DEGREE OF MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH (EPIDEMIOLOGY AND DISEASE CONTROL)


ABSTRACT

Like other deaths, mortality from hypertension is a product of multiple determinants acting at many levels. Unfortunately, it is unknown which group of factors contribute most to these deaths in our setting. The aim of this study was to assess the association of different risk factors and hypertension deaths at MTRH.


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EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF RABBIT PRODUCTION IN BUURI SUB -COUNTY, MERU COUNTY, KENYA

EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF RABBIT PRODUCTION IN BUURI SUB -COUNTY, MERU COUNTY, KENYA

Shadrack M Kitavi 1 , Lawrence K. Kibet 2 , Job K. Lagat 1 , and Walter Koech 1
Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Management,

Egerton University,P.O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.


2Departments of Economics,

Egerton University,P. O. Box 536-20115 Egerton, Kenya.


ABSTRACT.

Current rabbit production in Buuri Sub county stands at 1.2 Metric tons of meat against a potential
of 8.4 Metric tons per year. This productivity gap is wide and indicative of poor and low performance of the enterprise in rural areas of Kenya and specifically Buuri Sub County. The demand for protein particularly in rural areas outstrips the supply, though there exists sources from pulses, rabbits form a cheap source of animal based protein. . Thus the main objective of this study was to evaluate the technical efficiency of rabbit production so as increase its productivity through better use of the factors influencing it and hence increase producer incomes and the nutrient security of the people in Buuri sub county , Meru . The technical efficiency of rabbit production was evaluated to explain the paradox behind the low productivity of rabbit enterprises in Buuri sub-county.


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THE EFFECTS OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES ON E-PAYMENT

THE EFFECTS OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES ON E-PAYMENT

Paul Machoka - Author, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Dr. Susan Were - Co-Author.

Dr. Nicholas Lettng - Co-Author.


ABSTRACT

The ICT sector within government has seen significant reform efforts, as well as notable investments in ICT is procurement. Those attempting to reform the procurement process argue that the current system is broken, and unsuitable for the demands of modern governance. Worldwide e-procurement initiatives have been undertaken in the public sector on a large scale. However, these efforts have been associated with varying levels of success. Recently the government of Kenya directed that all government agencies will have t implement the electronic payment where all government services will be paid using mobile money, direct transfer, credit and debit cards or any other modes of electronic payment. The study aimed at investigating the effects of government policies on the performance of e-payment in parastatals.


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EFFECTS OF STRATEGIC PROCUREMENT OUTSOURCING ON ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE OF EAST AFRICAN BREWERIES LIMITED (EABL)

EFFECTS OF STRATEGIC PROCUREMENT OUTSOURCING ON ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE OF EAST AFRICAN BREWERIES LIMITED (EABL)

Paul Machoka - Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Dr. Susan Were - Co-Author.

Dr. Nicholas Lettng - Co-Author.


ABSTRACT

Outsourcing is a widespread practice in business today and will continue to grow into the future. The reasons for and approaches toward outsourcing vary greatly from company to company. Some are doing so because of tactical considerations which could be geared towards customer focus and cost cutting strategies. Outsourcing procurement services reduces costs, focusing human and financial capital on business focus and core competencies. This is true even when the parts must be customized. While procurement outsourcing holds considerable appeal, especially in this economic climate, prospective clients need to be mindful of potential challenges that loom on the horizon. Benefits gained from procurement outsourcing derive from tactics well beyond labor arbitrage. However, of all forms of outsourcing, procurement outsourcing, because it can have an impact on 25-50 percent of the expense base of a company, has the potential to drive some of the most dramatic bottom-line benefits to corporations


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ANALYSIS OF THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF REGISTERED INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT SCHEMES IN KENYA

ANALYSIS OF THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF REGISTERED INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT SCHEMES IN KENYA

Salome Wanjiku Gakure - Masters Student Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Dr Muoni Gekara - Lecturer Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya


ABSTRACT

Across the world, pension funds are a principal source of retirement income for millions of people in the world and contribute significantly to the Gross Domestic Product of many nations. In Kenya, the financial performance of pension funds schemes, both public and private, have in the recent past come under increased criticism. This study sought to analyze the financial performance of retirement benefit schemes in Kenya by taking a case of registered individual retirement schemes in Kenya. The study focused on determining the influence of market volatility, risk management policy, good governance and low coverage on financial performance of the pension schemes. To achieve this, the study adopted a descriptive survey that purposefully targeted senior administrators and key policy makers in 30 individual pension schemes registered by the Retirement Benefits Authority


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