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DETERMINANTS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE ON PROFITABILITY OF FIRMS IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR IN KENYA

DETERMINANTS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE ON PROFITABILITY OF FIRMS IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR IN KENYA

Abdulkadir Sheikh Ali Banafa - Doctoral Student at Jomo Kenyatta University of agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Dr. John Karanja Ngugi - Lecturer at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya


ABSTRACT

The main purpose of the research is to verify the determinants of capital structure on profitability of firms in the manufacturing sector in Kenya. The research adopted convenience sampling which took samples from the empirical studies of emerging economies, South Africa companies and in East African countries. The variables studied were Leverage, Equity finance firm asset tangibility, and firm size. The performance was in terms of profitability, Return on Investment (ROI), Return on Asset (ROA), Total Asset base, firm’s revenue and degree of competition of a firm as the dependent variables. The result shows that capital structure has a positive and significant effect on the organizational performance in manufacturing companies.


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FACTORS INFLUENCING IMPLEMENTATION OF E-COMMERCE STRATEGY AMONG SMALL AND MICRO ENTERPRISES IN NAIROBI COUNTY: A CASE OF FINETOPS ENTERPRISES LIMITED

FACTORS INFLUENCING IMPLEMENTATION OF E-COMMERCE STRATEGY AMONG SMALL AND MICRO ENTERPRISES IN NAIROBI COUNTY: A CASE OF FINETOPS ENTERPRISES LIMITED

Agnes Njeri Kimani - LMasters Student at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Dr. Mike Iravo (PhD) - Lecturer at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya


ABSTRACT

With the advent of globalization, many economies and markets become increasingly international and competitive. Technological progress in logistics and distribution enables nearly every business to buy, sell and cooperate on a global scale and even smaller and locally oriented businesses are forced to see themselves in a global context to survive in this new challenging business environment. Although common sense is that the globalization exposes Small and Micro Enterprises too many challenges the recent literature argues that Small and Micro Enterprises can benefit the new environment via e-commerce. The general aim of the study was to establish the factors influencing implementation of e-commerce strategy among small and micro enterprises in Nairobi County with a special focus on Fine Topes Enterprises Limited situated in the central business district at Kenbanco House Moi Avenue. The objectives of this study were to find out whether top management commitment, organizational culture, effective communication and staff proficiency influence the implementation of e-commerce strategy among small and micro enterprises in Nairobi County


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DETERMINANTS OF INITIAL EXPORT MARKET PARTICIPATION AMONG MICRO AND SMALL ENTERPRISES IN THE COMMERCIAL CRAFT SECTOR IN KENYA

DETERMINANTS OF INITIAL EXPORT MARKET PARTICIPATION AMONG MICRO AND SMALL ENTERPRISES IN THE COMMERCIAL CRAFT SECTOR IN KENYA

Evans Mwiti - Doctor of Philosophy in Entrepreneurship Development of Kenyatta University,Kenya.

Dr. Gorretty A. Ofafa -  Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Kenyatta University,Kenya.(Co -Author)

Dr. Ambrose Jagongo -  Department of Accounting and Finance, School of Business, Kenyatta University,Kenya. (Co -Author)


ABSTRACT

Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE) play a critical role in the economy of most developing as well developed nations in terms employment creation and generally wealth creation. In many developing countries, MSEs form the largest proportion of the businesses and therefore need
to be competitive both in the local and international markets. Though Kenya has over 1.3 million MSEs which is a critical mass for any economic development, the level of market participation is low. In terms of export market participation, only about 30% of MSE in Kenya that have been able to tap into the great potential of this huge global market. This is low despite the fact that Kenya has huge potential especially within the commercial craft MSEs who can exploit the global market to market Kenya’s unique cultural and artistic products. The general objective of this study was therefore be to investigate the determinants of initial export market participation among MSEs in the commercial craft sector in Kenya.


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TRAINING PROCESS TOWARDS STRENGTHENING SERVICE DELIVERY IN DAGORETTI SUB-COUNTY

ANALYSIS OF CORPORATE FINANCIAL DISTRESS DETERMINANTS: A SURVEY OF NON-FINANCIAL FIRMS LISTED IN THE NSE

Lydiah Wairimu - Masters student at Kenya Methodist University,Kenya

Maureen Adoyo - Lecturer at Kenya Methodist University,Kenya (Co-Author)

Musa Oluoch - Lecturers at Kenya Methodist University,Kenya (Co-Author)


ABSTRACT

Despite progress in developing more effective training methodologies, training initiatives for health workers continue to experience common pitfalls that have beset the overall success. To improve the quality of healthcare service, the shortage of healthcare workers must be addressed by giving quality training and education needed to fill the gap to increase the output of qualified healthcare workers. The research specific objectives was determining the selection criteria for participants attending trainings; establish whether trainers have a follow up mechanism for participants after trainings; how trainings activities are coordinated in Dagoretti Sub-County. The study followed a descriptive cross sectional study design. A survey method using questionnaires for facility in charges, Nurses and Clinical Officers and key informant interview for the Sub County Managers was applied. Sampling technique used was convenient non-probability method. The study setting was in Dagoretti Sub County, a total of 7 facilities were selected and 181 respondents were sampled..


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EXPLOITATION OF AGRICULTURAL BY-PRODUCTS FOR THE EMPLOYMENT CREATION: THE CASE OF TRANS-NZOIA COUNTY,KENYA

EXPLOITATION OF AGRICULTURAL BY-PRODUCTS FOR THE EMPLOYMENT CREATION: THE CASE OF TRANS-NZOIA COUNTY,KENYA

Wakasiaka, Mwichabe Eliud - Mount Kenya University


ABSTRACT

Trans-Nzoia county covers an area 2,469.90 Km 2 with a total Population of 818,757 (Male 50% , Female 50%) and a poverty index of 5.2% (KNBS, 2011). The main economic activities in Tran-Nzoia county include horticulture, large and small scale maize farming , wheat farming, Tea, Coffee and fish farming. Many farmers here focus on production and sale of the main products as raw materials. A large part of residual harvest is handled inappropriately, hence weakening the world’s food production capacity and contributing to biosphere change. Such a malpractice is particularly common in low income countries, where inadequate amounts of residues are recycled. Unacceptable amounts of straw and stalks are burnt either in the fields or as house hold
fuel. No nation keeps statistics on production of residue.


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VIABILITY OF FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE (STOCK OPTION) SECURITIES MARKET: A CASE OF NAIROBI STOCK EXCHANGE

VIABILITY OF FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE (STOCK OPTION) SECURITIES MARKET: A CASE OF NAIROBI STOCK EXCHANGE

Vincent Ouma Nyagilo - Master of Science in Energy Management, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)


ABSTRACT

Financial markets are, by nature, extremely volatile and hence the risk factor is an important concern for financial agents. To reduce this risk, the concepts of derivatives are products whose values are derived from one basic variable called base. The derivatives market performs a number of economic functions; they help in transferring risks from risk averse investors to risk oriented investors, help in the discovery of future as well as current prices, catalyze entrepreneurial activity, increase the volume traded in markets. This study provides a basic overview of stock option market focusing on its non-existence in Kenya security market. It further sought to find out the viability of establishing financial derivatives market in particular stock option. It also sought to assess the readiness of Nairobi Stock Exchange market and its participants for the development of stock market. When asked if stock option minimize risks, both categories or respondents agreed at 68.5% for individual investors and 82.8% for brokers. The respondents differed on whether option is useful only for large investors. The individual investors disagreed totally, while brokers agreed at 54.6%. On whether there is need for hedging against price change or not, both respondents disagreed at 58.6% for individual investors and 63.6% for brokers. They also disagreed at 96.6% and 66.7% for individual investors and brokers respectively, that there already exists adequate means to minimize stock price risk. Finally, when asked if option trading may not be profitable, the respondents disagreed with a majority of 87.8%. The analysis shows that there are contradictions between brokers and investors on issues and conditions required to establish stock option market, this is mainly manifested by the likely threats that are envisaged by brokers with introduction of stock option market. The study found out that Nairobi Stock Exchange is not technologically ready for stock option market. However, Kenyan security market is found to be viable for stock option market. Findings further illustrated that establishment of stock option market in Nairobi Stock Exchange is viable through Government intervention by developing required infrastructure in terms of modernization of the security markets and enactment of policies and legal framework that entice investors and protect market participants.


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FACTORS AFFECTING ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN DAY SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BORABU DISTRICT IN KENYA

FACTORS AFFECTING ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN DAY SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BORABU DISTRICT IN KENYA

Wycliffe Magati Ndege - Master of Science in Energy Management, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)(Primary Author)

Dr Kefa Bosire - Master of Science in Electronics and Instrumentation, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)(Co Author)

Dr.Nobert Ogeta - Master of Science in Electronics and Instrumentation, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)(Co Author)


ABSTRACT

The general low academic performance in Borabu District could be associated with home,school, teacher and student factors. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of home, school, teacher and student factors on the academic performance of day secondary schools in Borabu District. The objectives of the study were to find out the influence of: home, school, student and teacher factors on the academic performance of day secondary schools. The study used the qualitative research methodology with a descriptive survey design. The target population of the study constituted 6 day secondary schools, 738 students, 47 classroom teachers and 6 head teachers. Data analysis was done through means, frequencies and percentages. The study revealed that factors that influence the academic performance of the day secondary schools are home related: family size, financial burden, work at home, parental attitude towards education and parenting style; School related : teacher relationship with students, teaching/learning facilities, curriculum implementation, management style, distance of schools from home and time management; Student related : entry mark, sexual behavior, self-esteem, peer group influence, school dropout influence, attitude towards the school and ambition towards academic excellence and teacher related factors :teacher level of education, teaching experience, teacher attitudes towards students, teaching load, teacher motivation, teacher preparation and ongoing training. The study recommendations were that the parents should be sensitized on the need to have a positive attitude towards the day scholars and to provide them with the relevant study materials. The findings of this study provide useful information to educational planners, policy makers, managers and administrators on policies that will promote access, retention and completion of secondary education cycle and good academic performance. Key Words: Academic performance, teacher related factors, day school, curriculum implementation, wastage, internal efficiency, output.


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FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY FROM HYPERTENSION IN PATIENTS ATTENDING MOI TEACHING AND REFERRAL HOSPITAL

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY FROM HYPERTENSION IN PATIENTS ATTENDING MOI TEACHING AND REFERRAL HOSPITAL

Dr. Leah Chebet Bii - Master of Science in Energy Management, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)

Ambrose Jagongo - Master of Science in Electronics and Instrumentation, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Like other deaths, mortality from hypertension is a product of multiple determinants acting at many levels. Unfortunately, it is unknown which group of factors contribute most to these deaths in our setting. The aim of this study was to assess the association of different risk factors and hypertension deaths at MTRH. 

Methods: This was a retrospective study based on hospital data on demographic, socio-economic, environmental, health services, and medical factors associated with hypertension mortality between January 1998 and March 2004 for adults aged 30 and older. The main outcome measures were mortality occurrence within 24 hours, and within a week of hospital admission respectively. Stratified sampling technique was used, and data analyzed using SPSS-statistical package. Logistic regression models, ANOVA and Chi- square tests were used in analyses to determine possible association between mortality and respective independent factors.

Results: The proportion of male deaths was higher than that of the females (p = 0.014). Elderly patients and those without a positive family history of hypertension had a lower risk of dying within 24 hours of admission when compared with their counterparts. Adjusted for similar factors, current alcohol users were more likely to die than the ex-drinkers, just as were lower social class cases compared with their counterparts although the relationships were not significant at the 5% level. Cases with low blood pressure levels were more likely to die than those with severe levels of BP. Controlling for age, sex, time of review, and problem identification in a logistic model, it was found that the level of admission diastolic BP is a potential good predictor of mortality outcome within 24 hours of admission (OR = 0.915, 95% CI: 0.859 to 0.974, p = 0.005). Within a week of admission, previously treated hypertensives were more likely to die when compared with their non-treated counterparts. The risk of death for cases that were placed into the resuscitation room was more than 6 times that of cases admitted straight to the wards (OR = 6.341, 95% CI:1.295 to 31.045, p = 0.023). Renal unit patients had a significantly higher risk of dying when compared with amenity ward patients (OR = 11.324, 95% CI: 1.065 to 120.452, p = 0.044), as did medical ward patients. Results indicated that the risk of death in the groups with pneumonia exceeded the same risk in the groups without this infection. Hypertensive heart failure cases had a higher risk of dying when compared with those with hypertensive heart and renal disease (OR = 7,002, 95% CI: 1.304 to 37.600, p = 0.023), as did hypertensive renal failure cases (OR = 13.097, 95% CI: 2.188 to 78.390, p = 0.005).

Conclusions: Hypertension mortality is the result of a complex web of risk factors, including younger age, male sex, and family history, low BP levels at admission, prior treatment, heart failure, renal impairment, pneumonia, and general medical wards. Our findings show that the interventions needed to prolong life and possibly reduce mortality are available, but reform initiatives are required to assist in formulating health policies and guide resources aimed at addressing the needs of the patients with hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors.


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AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY FOR ENERGY AND PETROLEUM FIRMS IN KENYA

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY FOR ENERGY AND PETROLEUM FIRMS IN KENYA

Fredrick Wanyonyi - Master of Science in Energy Management, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)

Ambrose Jagongo - Master of Science in Electronics and Instrumentation, Kenyatta University, Kenya(Change)


ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between working capital management and profitability for energy and petroleum firms in Kenya. The specific objective where to establish the relationship between working capital management and profitability of energy and petroleum companies Kenya. To analyze the collective effect of cash conversion cycles with working capital management and profitability and to analyze the effects of inventory management on profitability. To undertake this study, the research design for this study was casual. A casual research was used to explore the relationship between variables. The population composed of Kenyan energy and petroleum firms listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange. The quoted firms were assumed to have structured financial systems and likely to have specific working capital management policies and procedures in place. Since the population is small (four firms) it was considered prudent to use the entire population in the sturdy. In the view of small number of energy and petroleum firms quoted on the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE), the researcher sampled the whole population of firms to achieve the targeted precision level. Cooper observers that the trade off between the depth and breadth of the research affects the sample size and the adequacy of a sample in this type of research is judged by how comprehensively and completely the research questions are answered by the sample size. In order to meet the objectives of the study the questionnaire consisted of 17 questions divided into three parts as per research objectives. Data was analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. Regression and correlation analysis was used to determine the nature and strength of the relationship between independent and dependent variables. The relationship of average collection period, inventory conversion period and average payment period with return on equity was analyzed in this study. Based on the regression and correlation analysis of each of the companies, the findings indicate that the energy and petroleum firms’ performance is influenced by the variables relating to working capital. There is a positive relationship between profitability and average collection period and inventory conversion period. Average payment period shows a negative relationship with profitability. Most of the profits in Energy and Petroleum firms in Kenya is attributable to working capital management. The study concludes that there exist a relationship between WCM and financial performance of Energy and Petroleum firms in Kenya. The study recommends that for the Energy and Petroleum firms to remain profitable, they should employ working capital management practice that will help in making decisions about investment mix and policy, matching investment to objective, asset allocation for institution and balancing risk against profitability.


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EFFECTS OF E-PROCUREMENT ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN FIVE STAR HOTELS IN NAIROBI CITY, KENYA

EFFECTS OF E-PROCUREMENT ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN FIVE STAR HOTELS IN NAIROBI CITY,
KENYA
Otieno Nelly Cynthia
Masters Student, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
Dr. Mike A. Iravo
Lecturer, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

ABSTRACT
In the hotel business, the flow of goods, services, and information should be designed to
efficiently transform raw materials into finished products/services with values. Lodging Services
regularly purchase a large quantity of supplies for which procurement systems play a crucial role
in maintaining daily operations and quality. Today, a major goal of a hotel’s supply chain
management is to efficiently apply information technology to its procurement systems. (Tanvi&
Clark, 2005). The study was aimed at exploring how cost effectiveness can influence efficiency
in supply chain management, the transparency that is brought about in E-procurement and time
effectiveness brought about by E-procurement in five star hotels in Nairobi City Country. The
study endeavored to use descriptive research design since it deals with clearly defined problems.
The study targeted five star hotels in Nairobi City County which are fifteen in number.
Convenience sampling was used in the study since the study is targeting respondents that have
the right information. Data was collected through the use of structured questionnaires which had
open and close ended questions. The data was later analyzed using SPSS version 20 for the
purposes of generating results in form of tables and graphs for report writing. The study
concluded that through e-procurement the cost of procurement has been reduced significantly in
terms of the manpower needed as well as the materials that were used in conventional
procurement. Transparency has also been achieved since cases of fraud have been reduced as
well as the ability to follow up electronically on procurement activities that have become easier
to manage. The procurement time has also been efficiently managed since most of the official
documents are electronically generated while at the same time storage and retrieval of
information has become easier and faster. The study recommends that organizations that want to
have a competitive edge should adopt e-procurement to make their supply chains faster and more
efficient.

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FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROCUREMENT OF ERP IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROCUREMENT OF ERP IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR
Charity Nkonge: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
Lecturer: Dr. Agnes Njeru: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

ABSTRACT

Re-insurance industry plays a key role in Kenya’s development. Very few companies have
deployed Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system in their management of the supply chain
despite the fact that ERP touches many core aspects of a firm’s operations; hence, its successful
implementation and use are critical to performance and survival of an organization. In most
cases, implementation of ERP fails at the procurement phase with translucent factors. The main
objective of this study was to determine the factors that affect the procurement of ERP. The
specific objectives were to find out whether Information Technology Infrastructure, Legislative
Issues and Supply Chain Functions Management affect the procurement of ERP. This Research
adopted an exploratory study with a case study of Kenya-Reinsurance Corporation Ltd (Kenya
Re). The target population for the study was the 120 employees in Kenya-Re. The sample size
was50 respondents selected from different departments using stratified sampling method. Data
was collected using questionnaires. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics such as
frequency tables and charts and inferential statistics correlation analysis using SPSS computer
software. The study concluded that IT infrastructure in public companies is not flexible because
hence leading to either delays or avoidance of ERP procurement. The study also concluded that
the main legal cause of non-procurement of ERP in the public sector is as a result of external
environment. The study recommends that ERP should be categorized as an essential supply as
public policy framework should be enhanced to support faster decision making when it comes to
procurement of ERP as it is very essential in the smooth running of the organization. The study
also recommends that Public organizations should digitalize all their systems in readiness to the
procurement of ERPs since all the systems to be supported by an ERP has to be digitalized since
a successful ERP implementation requires a fit between the ERP system and the organizational
processes it supports. Further research should be carried out to establish the skill levels and the
effectiveness of the ERP trainers in public sector.

 

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EFFECTS OF E-PROCUREMENT ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN FIVE STAR HOTELS IN NAIROBI CITY, KENYA

EFFECTS OF E-PROCUREMENT ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN FIVE STAR HOTELS IN NAIROBI CITY, KENYA

Otieno Nelly CynthiaMasters Student, Kenya Methodist University, Kenya

Dr. Mike A. Iravo - Lecturer, Kenya Methodist University, Kenya


ABSTRACT

In the hotel business, the flow of goods, services, and information should be designed to efficiently transform raw materials into finished products/services with values. Lodging Services regularly purchase a large quantity of supplies for which procurement systems play a crucial role in maintaining daily operations and quality. Today, a major goal of a hotel’s supply chain management is to efficiently apply information technology to its procurement systems. (Tanvi& Clark, 2005). The study was aimed at exploring how cost effectiveness can influence efficiency in supply chain management, the transparency that is brought about in E-procurement and time effectiveness brought about by E-procurement in five star hotels in Nairobi City Country. The study endeavored to use descriptive research design since it deals with clearly defined problems. The study targeted five star hotels in Nairobi City County which are fifteen in number. Convenience sampling was used in the study since the study is targeting respondents that have the right information. Data was collected through the use of structured questionnaires which had open and close ended questions. The data was later analyzed using SPSS version 20 for the purposes of generating results in form of tables and graphs for report writing. The study concluded that through e-procurement the cost of procurement has been reduced significantly in terms of the manpower needed as well as the materials that were used in conventional procurement. Transparency has also been achieved since cases of fraud have been reduced as well as the ability to follow up electronically on procurement activities that have become easier to manage. The procurement time has also been efficiently managed since most of the official documents are electronically generated while at the same time storage and retrieval of information has become easier and faster. The study recommends that organizations that want to have a competitive edge should adopt e-procurement to make their supply chains faster and more efficient.

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Subcategories

  • INFLUENCE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED STATE CORPORATIONS IN KENYA

    Employee retention is becoming a real challenge in today’s work environment as employers begin to realize the value of people that make up the organization. It has been noted that lack of effective SHRM practices leads to increased rate employee turnover in many organizations. Many Kenyan state corporations have been characterized with high employee turnover rates. Recent surveys show that over 75% of state corporations experience low level of employees’ retention and face high staff turnover rates. Despite the fact that the Kenyan government has made efforts towards achievements of various development goals, the rate of employee retention in many state corporations has remained low for the past ten years. Notwithstanding the significant influence of Human Resource Management strategies on employee retention in organizations, most studies on SHRM and employee retention that have been undertaken in public and private organization and are not linked with employee retention in state corporations. The general objective of the study was to establish the influence of strategic human resource management practices on employee retention in selected state corporations in Kenya. The study specifically aimed to; assess the influence of employee recruitment strategy on employee retention in state corporations in Kenya; determine the influence of employee compensation strategy on employee retention in state corporations in Kenya; assess the influence of employee training strategy on employee retention in state corporations in Kenya and to establish the influence of employee relations strategy on employee retention in state corporations in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive research design and the target population was a total of 372 human resource and development staff working in the selected state corporations with headquarters offices in Nairobi. The study applied a stratified random sampling technique to select 124 respondents as the sample size for the study. Questionnaires were used as the main data collection instruments and a pilot study was conducted to pretest questionnaires for reliability. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis will be used to analyze the gathered data and the results were presented on tables, figures and graphs. The study findings showed that employee recruitment strategy; employee compensation strategy; employee training strategy and employee relations strategy influence employee retention in State Corporations in Kenya. The study concluded that recruitment strategy is the major human resource strategy that influences most employee retention in state corporations with a coefficient of 0.389, followed by compensation strategy with a coefficient of 0.185, then employee relations strategy with a coefficient of 0.128 and lastly training strategy with a coefficient of 0.123. The study recommended for application of recruitment strategy that emphasizes on higher and right academic qualifications, hiring of management trainees and use of head hunting to recruit the most experienced and skilled staff. The management of state corporations should formulate and implement effective employee compensation strategy through regular review employee salary structures, provision of good benefits and implementation of effective merit pay methods. The management of state corporations should adopt effective employee training strategy by regularly conducting on-the-job training; offthe-job training and leadership development training. The management of state corporations should adopt effective employee relations strategy through application of effective communication channels, use of effective conflict resolution methods, encouraging team building activities and providing better working conditions. 


    Author: Kinoti Agostino Kiogora  

    Co- Author:Dr. Kepha Ombui 

     

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